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If culture is a house . . . then language is the key to the front door and all the rooms inside.


"SELAMAT PAGI" : "GOOD MORNING" in Indonesian Language. LEARN BASIC BAHASA INDONESIA IN JAKARTA OR ONLINE, with Language Studies Indonesia.

Speak Indonesian


good morning  in Indonesian language

thank you  in Indonesian language       

hello  in Indonesian language               

Indonesian language name                  

:  selamat pagi

terima kasih


Bahasa Indonesia

Dealing with those YOUNGER than yourself.

Forms Of Address - Part Two

You can almost never go wrong addressing someone with 'Bapak/Pak' or 'Ibu/Bu,' so get in the habit of using these forms of address in all of your exchanges . . . particularly when the person you are dealing with appears to be 35 years of age or older. ("Selamat pagi, Pak Joko," Permisi Bu Rita.")

With that said, it can seem a bit "overly-formal" when a much older person addresses a younger person as "Bapak/Pak" or "Ibu/Bu."

As with "Mr" or "Sir" in English, the younger person may inform you that he/she is "not old enough to be referred to as 'Bapak/Pak' or 'Ibu/Bu,'" and request that you simply use his/her name.

This is perfectly acceptable. If you are dealing with somebody who is obviously much younger than you, feel free to simply address him/her by name. If you do not know the person's name, then do not use any form of address.


As mentioned in FORMS OF ADDRESS - PART ONE : In professional or business environments, 'Bapak/Pak' and 'Ibu/Bu' are generally used to address all colleagues (whether they be younger persons, contemporaries and older persons).

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