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If culture is a house . . . then language is the key to the front door and all the rooms inside.


"SELAMAT PAGI" : "GOOD MORNING" in Indonesian Language. LEARN BASIC BAHASA INDONESIA IN JAKARTA OR ONLINE, with Language Studies Indonesia.

Speak Indonesian


good morning  in Indonesian language

thank you  in Indonesian language       

hello  in Indonesian language               

Indonesian language name                  

:  selamat pagi

terima kasih


Bahasa Indonesia

Difference between Indonesian Negation "Tidak" and "Bukan"

The Indonesian language has two negations. These two negations are sometimes still confusing not only for non-native speakers but also for Indonesians. Indonesians know how to use these negations, but since they do not really study the language (or forgot their elementary school’s lessons), they have their own doubts to differentiate these negations and comfort themselves by saying that one word is formal and the other one is informal.

Things might sound complicated, but once you understand the principle, it is just a piece of cake!

Saya tidak minum kopi. I don’t drink coffee

Kopi itu tidak panas. The coffee is not hot.

Ini bukan pensil, ini buku.

It’s not a pencil, it is a book.

Saya bukan Superman.

I am not Superman.

As you can see from the above examples ‘tidak’ is used for words explaining actions (verbs) and words that explain qualities (adjectives). On the other hand, ‘bukan’, is used for words explaining things/objects (nouns) and Personal Pronouns (words refer to someone)

More examples:

Saya tidak suka apel.

(I do not like apples.)

Dia tidak malas.

(He is not lazy.)

Ini bukan buku.

(This is not a book.)

Saya bukan Anton.

(I am not Anton.)

In a sentence, both ‘tidak’ and ‘bukan’ work with the same principle grammatically. Piece of cake, right?

Say goodbye to grammar errors and happy learning!

If you have any issues regarding the Indonesian language, feel free to leave a comment down below. Yours could end up as our next topic. Be sure to share this article with your fellow learners!


2 Kommentare

Salvatore S.
Salvatore S.
25. Sept. 2023

The best way to understand it is:

- bukan = not to be

- tidak (nggak) = no, not, don't

Gefällt mir

Ney Guan
Ney Guan
25. Dez. 2022

How you explain “Dia bukan dari Bali” It’s not a thing or object

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